By virtue of Section 19 of Law No. 2004/016 of 22 July 2004 to set up the National Commission on Human Rights and Freedoms as amended and supplemented by Law no. 2010/004 of 13 April 2010, this independent institution for the promotion and protection of Human Rights in Cameroon submits an Annual Report to various authorities and publishes it at the behest of the Chairperson of the institution. The Annual Report, which is prepared under these legal requirements, presents the activities of the institution and the human rights situation during the reference year. It should be noted that insecurity in the Far North Regions continued to shape the socio-political context of the country in 2018, especially in the Adamawa, East, North-West and South-West Regions. This subsequently caused the deterioration of the human rights situation in those parts, and throughout the country as a whole.
During the reference year, Boko Haram carried out numerous attacks. There were also many incidences of hostage-taking and ransom demands in the Adamawa Region, as well as incursions by rebel troops in the areas bordering the East Region of Cameroon and the Central
African Republic, added to attacks by secessionist armed groups in the North-West and South
-West Regions of Cameroon. On these various fronts where issues such as the safety of goods and persons, both public and private, and the preservation of territorial integrity were undermined by criminals of all kinds. It was unfortunate that such serious abuses that came along with a justified response from the Defence and Security Forces. There were cases where soldiers used force excessively (torture during the arrest of suspects and murders of civilians), as well as cases of abuse by certain authorities.
The year under review equally recorded scarcity of resources resulting from the substantial reduction in the State's tax and customs revenues, governance problems and the public spending orientation primarily towards security and construction work on the infrastructure linked to the organization by Cameroon of the next African Cup of Nations.
It is in this difficult context that the Commission conducted its statutory and nonstatutory Activities for 2018 (Part I). The Commission equally received and handled numerous alleged
cases of human rights violations and various reports of human rights bodies and institutions. How the Commission used these various sources of information provided elements for analysis and presentation of the situation of civil and political rights (Part II), economic, social and cultural rights (Part III) and rights of specific groups (Part IV). The Part on Special Issues (Part V) examines cross-cutting issues that influence the level of human rights achievement in Cameroon, while the last part of the Report shows the level of respect by the State of Cameroon for its regional and international human rights commitments (Part VI).
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